Magnificent History of Sri Lanka

Estimated read time 6 min read

Sri Lankan history is a tale comprising cultures, and traditions that are set amidst a lush setting. This amazing island in India is situated on the old trade routes which have always been a center for trading, and cultural crossroads. After this time, Sir Lanka forged its recognition, marked by its incredibly tempestuous history. 

The story behind the name “Sri Lanka” 

To know more about the history of Sri Lanka, you have to know about the origin of its name. Basically, the term Lanka means island whereas Sri means resplendent. Acclaimed for its several rich heritage such as gems, spices, and many such things, Sri Lanka has always attracted millions of merchants since its inception. This magnificent destination is the fruit of ethnic and cultural mixture, outwith the conflicts that have corporated the nation forever. 


Sri Lanka, or the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is a country in South Asia that consists of a chain of islands. Ancient civilizations, colonial influences, and a fight for freedom all contribute to the illustrious 3,000-year Sri Lankan history.

Indigenous Vedda people have lived in Sri Lanka for thousands of years, making them the island’s oldest documented occupants. Around the sixth century BCE, Sinhalese migrants from northern India formed the first structured kingdoms in what is now Sri Lanka. During this time, the ancient towns of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa prospered, leaving behind enormous stupas and beautifully carved Buddhist temples as well as other notable archaeological monuments.

The Portuguese landed in Sri Lanka in the 16th century, followed by the Dutch in the 17th and the British in the 18th; by that time, they had established complete dominance over the island. Tea plantations, railroads, and other modern infrastructure were all introduced to Sri Lanka by the British during the colonial era. As a result of British colonization, the island’s name was changed to Ceylon.

Sri Lankans started publicly expressing a desire for independence and self-governance in the early 20th century. On February 4, 1948, under the leadership of men like D.S. Senanayake and Don Stephen Senanayake, Sri Lanka achieved independence from British colonial authority and joined the Commonwealth of Nations as a dominion.

There have been ethnic conflicts between the Sinhalese majority and the Tamil minority ever since Sri Lanka gained its freedom. The conflict between the government of Sri Lanka and the separatist Tamil Tigers erupted in 1983 and continued for over three decades, ending in 2009 when the government claimed victory.

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Present Status

Presently, the nation is a thriving democratic place with a diverse heritage. Sri Lanka is known for its majestic landscapes along with luxuriant tea plantations, amazing beaches, and national parks. The history of Sri Lanka is clear in its ancient artifacts, ruins, and traditions. 

With its enthralling past and present, Sri Lankan history offers tourists a unique experience of culture and nature. From enduring its ancient cities and heritage sites to enjoying the hospitality offered by the people, the place is still known as a fascinating destination for tourists around the globe. 

Historical places in Sri Lanka


Enjoy the rich and finest collection of buildings with Sri Lanka tours. The Quadrangle in Sri Lanka is located near the North Province. The art sculpted on the wall is done by the fine artistry of ancient times. 

The detailed heritage showcases the idiosyncratic of this place. The sculpture of the Lord Buddha carved upon the wall as well as the remains adorns this magnificent destination. The amazing thing about this place is the pillars wherein you will find the paintings of those times. 

Nine Arch Bridge

We would all want to take a train through the beautiful countryside, through the lush tea fields and rolling hills. Therefore, the Nine Arch Bridge in Ella will fulfill all your dreams. This massive bridge will go all the way from Kandy to Ella.

This massive bridge was really constructed in the early twentieth century, which is hard to comprehend. The engineering of the Nine Arch Bridge is likewise superb. From the comfort of the train, you can take in the forest’s most exciting and breathtaking sights.

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Galle Fort

There are examples of Portuguese, Dutch, and British fortifications in the Galle. The Dutch overhauled the whole church centuries ago, injecting it with a dash of their own artistic sensibility. The lighthouse is among the several structures that have undergone renovation.

Historic structures in Sri Lanka that reflect the influence of the Portuguese, Dutch, and British are popular tourist destinations. There are several lovely eateries in the area around these forts that you can explore during Sri Lanka tours.

Cave Temples

Also known as the Royal Rock Temple, the Cave Temple is a complex, located in the center of Sri Lanka. It is curated with a series of 5 instilled caves that are dated by 20 centuries and are standing significance of that particular destination’s culture and tradition. The place holds the wealth of Budhha’s art that involves several statues and murals of the Buddha. Some people who have a great knowledge of the history of Sri Lanka know it as the Golden Temple of Dambulla which is the largest preserved cave in the nation. The temple has a rock that towers over a height of 160 m. 

Abhayagiri Dagoba

If are you looking to relish the Terracotta domed, then you must locate your way towards the lush green forest. People enjoy the first sight of the Abhayagiri Dagoba! This amazing destination has a height of 100 meters and was constructed during the 1st century. The amazing and fine architecture makes this place a must-visit destination. The calmness as well as the secret tales that this place surrounds attracts most tourists to visit this place. 

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Sigiriya Rock Fortress

Sigiriya Rock Fortress

A place full of culture and heritage! Sirigiya, even though it was built in 495 AD, has a huge amount of ancient rocks that are still the center of attraction for several tourists. It has been said and is known in Sri Lankan history that these forts were constructed under the rule of King Kasyapa. These forts are mostly surrounded by lush emerald forests. Moreover, you can explore the natural atmosphere of Sirigiya from the famous rock Pidurangala. Along with this, there are several rocks from where you can witness the scenic beauty. 

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